Thyroid Disorder

At Miami Diabetes and Endocrinology, our physicians are experts in treating thyroid related conditions. Including thyroid nodules, thyroid cysts, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, multinodular goiter, thyroid cancer, and thyroid disease during pregnancy. We will review your history, imaging and pathology results and create a personalized treatment plan that will work best for you.

Hyperthyroidism is a condition in were your thyroid gland, makes too much thyroid hormone. Some people with hyperthyroidism have no symptoms. Others can present with: Anxiety, irritability, trouble sleeping, weakness, tremors, sweats, tachycardia, tiredness, weight loss and frequent bowel movements.

Hypothyroidism is treated with replacement of thyroid hormone T4 (levothyroxine).

Thyroid cancer happens when normal cells in the thyroid change into abnormal cells and grow out of control. There are different types of thyroid cancer. Some types are more serious than others.

While some patients may have no symptoms, other patients may experience:

  • Hoarseness or being unable to talk
  • Trouble breathing
  • Trouble swallowing
  • A cough or coughing up blood

Yes; if you have a thyroid nodule (growth on your thyroid gland), your doctor will decide whether or not to do a fine needle aspiration biopsy. Indications for biopsy will be determined by the size and characteristics of the nodule on imaging.

Test imaging technique that is used most often to evaluate the thyroid is a thyroid ultrasound, which uses sound waves to create pictures of the thyroid.

Some people will also need a thyroid scan; this will be used if your thyroid is producing too much thyroid hormone. For a thyroid scan, a person gets a pill or a shot with a small amount of a radioactive substance. Then a special camera takes a picture of the thyroid.

At Miami Diabetes and Endocrinology, we can perform thyroid ultrasounds and fine needle aspiration biopsies. During consultation, together will review your imaging and pathology results and identify what treatment plan will work best for you.

How is thyroid cancer treated?

Thyroid cancer is usually treated with the following:

  • Surgery – In most cases, thyroid cancer is treated with surgery to remove the cancer. At Miami Diabetes and Endocrinology, we work hand in hand with the surgeons at different institutions in order to assure continuity of care.
  • Radioactive iodine
  • External-beam radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy